It is a chronic autoimmune disease that usually occurs when body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own healthy tissues. It mainly affects the joints, skin, kidneys, brain, and other body organs.
The exact cause of SLE is still unknown. Women are more commonly affected with SLE than men at any age. However, it occurs mostly between the ages of 15 to 44 years and more often affects Asians, African, and Americans than people from other races.
Vascular disease is more frequent in SLE patients of India and also comes out as the most frequent cause of death.
Potential symptoms of SLE
Symptoms of SLE can vary and change over time. In most people, SLE symptoms started with pain and swelling in joints such as the joints of the hands, fingers, wrists, and knees. Few people may also develop arthritis.
Common symptoms may include:
Other symptoms (as per the affected body system or organs)
If a person has shown only skin symptoms, then it is known as discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE).
Risks and Complications
Most often SLE may be harmful to various body parts that include:
Diagnostic Tests and Examination
Usually, a complete physical exam is performed to examine skin rashes, arthritis or edema in the ankles, and abnormal heart sounds.
Various tests performed to diagnose SLE:
Also, some other tests may be undergone to know more about SLE that include:
Treatment and Symptoms Management
Still, there is no permanent treatment known for SLE. So, the basic aim of treatment is just to control the symptoms. However, a specialized treatment is required to control severe symptoms of heart, kidneys, lungs, and other organs.
Mild symptoms of SLE are treated with medications such as;
Always remember, SLE affects every individual differently. A treatment will be effective only when it is started as soon as symptoms develop on patient’s body or a doctor tailors it to the patient.
Once you find any of the abnormal symptoms that concern you, then immediately consult with our specialist doctors at Shah Hospital.