A gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ located beneath the right side of the liver. It collects and concentrates a digestive juices or bile produced by the liver usually after eating to aid in digestion. Bile moves through narrow tubular passage (bile ducts) into the small intestine.
In most people, removal of the Gallbladder (Cholecystectomy) does not hamper digestion.
The complication of gallbladder generally occurs due to the presence of gallstones, consisting of bile salts and cholesterol produced in the gallbladder or bile ducts. It is still uncertain why gallstones are produced in a gallbladder? But in females who have crossed 40 years and obese, there is a higher risk of causing gallbladder stones, prior to pregnancy. Some patients are having a family history of gallstones, but it may also occur in old persons. Gallstones can prevent the flow of bile from the gallbladder; causing it to get choked, swelled up that lead to intense abdominal pain, indigestion, vomiting, and fever. Moreover, jaundice may also occur in the later stage of Chronic Cholecystitis or Inflammation of the gall bladder.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Till now, no treatment option is available to prevent gallstones.
Ultrasound is the most common method to locate gallstones, but in complex cases, other diagnostic procedures like X-ray, CT scan or a gallbladder nuclear medicine scan can be used to assess gallbladder disease.
Gallstones never go away by their-self. They can only be managed and prevented by making dietary adjustments or reducing fat intake. Mostly treatments to dissolve and break up gallstones are found unsuccessful. Therefore, surgical removal of the gallbladder is the only time-tested and safe treatment.
In western countries, Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy has rapidly become the most commonly performed procedure for a routine gallbladder removal or Cholestectomy. It is a safe and effective noninvasive management of gallstones and Kidney stone removal treatment. The huge acceptance of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy was mainly gained through universal acclamation of patient’s demand.
Stepwise Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Procedure
Originally, Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy was performed in young and thin patients, but later on, it has been also used to perform in obese or old-age patients due to minimally invasive advantages.
Prophylactic Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy can be considered in following conditions:
Although, Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy comes with a lot of advantages but still this procedure may not be suitable for patients who are having complicated and severe gallbladder disease or undergone previous upper abdominal surgery.
Therefore it is essential for you, first go for a medical evaluation and consult with experienced surgeons at Shah Hospital. They are specialized in performing various laparoscopic surgeries successfully.