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Introduction
All over the world, acute appendicitis emerges as one of the commonest surgical problems afflicting a major population. People of any age may get affected with Appendicitis, but it is most prevalent during adolescent and childhood. If appendicitis is not treated well, then the outcome can be very serious at both extremes of life. An immediate surgical removal after diagnosis is the most agreeable and preferred treatment.

What is Appendicitis?
Appendicitis is usually referred as an inflammation of the appendix, a tissue tube of approx. 3 1/2-inch that extends from the first part of large intestine.

The most common symptoms associated with Appendicitis include;

  • It begins with a mild pain near the belly button or navel that becomes intense as it propagates to the lower right abdomen.
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and/or vomiting just after start of abdominal pain
  • Swelling in Abdomen
  • Inability to pass gas
  • Fever (99-102 degrees Fahrenheit)

Diagnosis and Treatment
The following tests are performed to confirm Appendicitis:

  • Abdominal exam to find inflammation
  • Urine test to rule out a UTIs
  • Rectal examination
  • Blood test
  • Ultrasound and/or CT scans

Appendectomy (surgical intervention to remove appendix), is the standard treatment procedure for all cases of appendicitis. Generally, two types of appendectomy are performed, i.e. Open Appendectomy and Laparoscopic Appendectomy.

The Selection of a surgery type depends on various factors, including the medical history and the severity of the disease.

Open Appendectomy
In this procedure, a surgeon makes one large incision in the lower right side of the abdomen. The Appendix is removed and finally, the wound is closed with stitches. This procedure helps a surgeon to clean the abdominal cavity in case of busting of an appendix.

Therefore, Open appendectomy is usually preferred when appendix has ruptured and the infection spread to other organs.

Laparoscopic appendectomy
In laparoscopic appendectomy, a surgeon makes a few small incisions in the abdomen to accesses the appendix. Then a cannula (a small, narrow tube) is inserted to inflate abdomen for a more clear visibility of appendix.

A Laparoscope is then inserted through the incision to view the inside images of the abdomen on a screen, and also guide the instruments. Once the appendix is found, it is tied off and removed. The small incisions are then cleaned, closed, and stitched.

Laparoscopic surgery is mostly preferred for old and/or obese people. Laparoscopic surgery is safer than an open appendectomy and also has a shorter recovery time.

If you are also suffering from any symptoms related to Appendicitis then immediately consult a specialist doctor at Shah Hospital for the best diagnosis and treatment.

For more information related to Appendicitis or Laparoscopic Appendectomy contact us or email.