A colposcopy is a simple procedure to examine the cervix, vagina, and vulva with a surgical instrument called a colposcope (a large, electric microscope with a bright light). It’s often performed when the Pap smear results are found unusual. If any abnormal areas or cells are seen then a doctor may perform endocervical curettage (ECC) to retrieve a tissue sample from the inner opening of the cervix to send it for a biopsy. Most of the times these cells go away on their self, but sometimes, if not treated properly, they may eventually convert into cervical cancer. Therefore, colposcopy helps doctors to examine and confirm abnormality in the cells of the cervix and also helps to determine the need to remove these abnormal cells.
Colposcopy is usually performed in following conditions:
Steps of Colposcopy Procedure:
It is often carried out in a hospital and takes about 15-20 minutes without any need for anesthesia. Patient can even go back to home on the same day.
Various steps of this procedure are;
Some women may find it a bit uncomfortable to insert the speculum or complain a stinging sensation from the vinegar solution. Patients should try to keep calm and relaxed during the test by concentrating on taking slow, deep breaths.
Risks or Complications
There are minimal risks after a colposcopy and biopsy, but following rare complications may occur:
If a woman suffers from any of these symptoms, she should contact a doctor immediately.
Results after Colposcopy
Any abnormality of cells in cervix or vagina can be seen right away, but a biopsy may take up to four to eight weeks to get the results.
These results may be any of the following:
CIN or CGIN are the medical terms commonly used by doctors or nurses while discussing a biopsy examination which indicates the prevalence of the cells becoming cancerous.
For more information or any query related to Colposcopy visit at Shah Hospital and consult with our specialist Gynecologists and Surgeons.